Physician specialties with the largest gender pay gap

Oral and maxillofacial surgeons have the largest pay gap between men and women, with female surgeons earning an average of $173,102 less than their male counterparts annually, according to Doximity's "2023 Physician Compensation Report." 

The report found no medical specialties where women make more than men, and with the exception of pediatric cardiology and nuclear medicine, the gap was larger than 10 percent across all specialties. 

Five specialties with the largest pay gap based on annual earnings: 

Oral and maxillofacial surgery: 

Men: $568,789

Women: $395,687

Difference: $173,102

Pediatric pulmonology: 

Men: $282,272

Women: $227,958

Difference: $54,314

Allergy and immunology: 

Men: $329,634

Women: $268,938

Difference: $60,696


Men: $515,850

Women: $424,733

Difference: $91,117


Men: $468,515

Women: $387,295

Difference: $81,220

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